Note: Please read Post 1 and Post 2 before continuing.
Rumors of a Jackson Miners Union
“Now, therefore, it is agreed by the undersigned, that no employment, trade, custom or business will be given to any member of said Miners’ Union, or to anyone who, directly or indirectly, aids the same; It is therefore agreed that all employees of the undersigned shall at once be given notice of this effect, and that those who may be members of said union be requested to withdraw therefrom or be discharged from service” (emphasis in original).
The bosses were not interested in simply busting the union. They attempted to erase any hope of miner’s union within the community by penalizing with unemployment not only union members, but also those who sympathized with them or “indirectly aided” them before the presence of a union was officially announced.
|Fiery speaker Eugene Debs, whose friendship with Boyce |
influenced the WFM's adoption of socialism.
|John P. Irish|
Two days after the Dispatch ran his speech, Irish’s rhetoric about the assassination of the Republic would come to seem eerily prophetic and newspapers were given all the fodder needed to demonize the growing American left.
Jackson Mine Superintendents. "Concerning a Miners Union". Jackson. 1901. Print
Suggs, Jr. George S. Colorado's War on Militant Unionism: James H. Peabody and the Western Federation of Miners. Tulsa: University of Oklahoma Press, 1972.
"Truths Well Told." Amador Dispatch [Jackson, Ca] 04 Sept. 1901.
Images from Wikimedia.org
Dubofsky, Melvyn. We Shall Be All; a History of the Industrial Workers of the World. Chicago: Quadrangle, 1969. 38-40.